TV Systems
NTSC, PAL, SECAM...

NTSC (National Television Standards Committee)
NTSC is used as a broadcast standard in the United States,
Japan, Canada, Mexico and more.
525 lines per frame and 30 frames per second.

PAL (phase alternation by line)
PAL is used as a broadcast standard in Europe,
Australia, Singapore, and Hong Kong and more
625 lines per frame and 25 frames per second

SECAM (Systeme Electronique Couleur Avec Memoire)
SECAM is used as a broadcast standard in France, Hungary,
Romania, Morocco, Viet Nam and more.
625 lines per frame and 25 frames per second.


TV Formates
WIdescreen, P&S, etc...

P&S (Pan & Scan)
Picture size 4:3 (1,33:1)
1,33 times more wide than high.
In this format, normally the sides are cut out,
up to almost 50% missing of the picture.

WS/Widescreen/Letterbox
Picture size 16:9 (1,85:1) or more.
1,85 times more wide than high, or more.
Recommended as your screen format.

Cinemascope
Picture size 1:2,35
2,35 times more wide than high.
For example used on Star Wars.

A Widescreen VS. Pan & Scan Look
P&S have the sides cut out, up to 50% of the picture is missing
(Pictures taken from Movgammus - VulCaino World series
filmed/made in widescreen 16:9 HD, free downloadable from our download site).
Watch Movgammus - VulCaino World teaser now here
Details And More About Movgammus - VulCaino World

This applies of course also to almost all movies made for the big screen.
DVD (and the earlier LaserDisc 12" format) and Blu-Ray have widescreen
as standard on most movies and new TV series.
The human vision are more wide than high, just like widescreen, more real.


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